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Old September 5, 2011, 09:07 PM   #1
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Difference between 22 Short, 22 Long and 22 Long Rifle

I bought an older Marlin Model 25 and on the barrel it says 22 S, L, & LR.

Does this mean it shoots all three types of ammo?

What's the difference between each one?

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Old September 5, 2011, 09:22 PM   #2
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It will shoot all three.
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Old September 5, 2011, 09:50 PM   #3
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for the most part youre just going to be shooing normal .22 LR's out of it. the other ones are more expensive even though they use less material. Theyre just not as popular.

Sometimes the really tiny really quiet ones are nice for just knocking over cans without earplugs. Quieter than most BB guns.
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Old September 5, 2011, 11:18 PM   #4
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A lot of .22 barrels are made of lower grade steel and shooting large quantities of the shorter (shorts,longs) ammunition can damage the chamber. I have come across older .22's that have a "ring" burned and pitted into the chamber where the shorter .22 case ends. This makes extraction hard when the owner goes back to using .22 long Rifle ammunition because the brass of the case gets caught in the pitted area. Sometimes this ring is only a carbon build up and can be removed, but other times it is actually burned into the chamber. I have no idea how much shooting of the shorter ammunition causes this , but would imagine it would take a lot.
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Old September 5, 2011, 11:57 PM   #5
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22 Short came along first in the mid 1800s as a rimfire round with 29 grain round point bullet. Then came the "long" with a bit longer case and the same 29 grain bullet loaded with a bit more black powder. Then later still came the "long rifle" bullet with a heavier 40 grain bullet before the turn of the century. There was also an "extra long" round and a bunch of other rimfire rounds ranging from 22 Winchester Rimfire and 25 Stevens to 32 rimfire. Of the rimfire rounds the long rifle chamber could accept and use short and long ammo. Even a rifle that says long rifle only will chamber and fire the other rounds safely. Not all actions however are designed to function with all three rounds. Some actions are designed to feed correctly with all three rounds. In years past, almost all guns would shoot the rounds intherchangeably because the shorts were cheapest. Now days with long rifle being cheapest due to volume of sales, many guns are designed to work only with long rifle cartridges and most people really don't care if these guns function with the other types of ammo.
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