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Old June 13, 2019, 02:45 AM   #13
Aguila Blanca
Join Date: September 25, 2008
Location: CONUS
Posts: 12,483
Those who want to know what the founders meant by a "well regulated militia" might be interested in reading the original Militia Act of 1792.

The important part for understanding "well regulated" is the second part, enacted May 8, 1792. This section established the federal standards (the "regulation" for the militia. I was going to quote it, but the entire document speaks to the issue and it's far too long to quote here. I'll just cite the portion that corresponds to what 44 Amp mentioned about the militiaman's "kit":

That every citizen, so enrolled and notified, shall, within six months thereafter, provide himself with a good musket or firelock, a sufficient bayonet and belt, two spare flints, and a knapsack, a pouch, with a box therein, to contain not less than twenty four cartridges, suited to the bore of his musket or firelock, each cartridge to contain a proper quantity of powder and ball; or with a good rifle, knapsack, shot-pouch, and powder-horn, twenty balls suited to the bore of his rifle, and a quarter of a pound of powder; and shall appear so armed, accoutred and provided, when called out to exercise or into service, except, that when called out on company days to exercise only, he may appear without a knapsack.
Ironically, we should take note that the militia were expected to provide their own firearm. Further, it was eventually required that the militia firearms be of uniform caliber, so that the government would only have to provide one size of ammunition.

that from and after five years from the passing of this Act, all muskets from arming the militia as is herein required, shall be of bores sufficient for balls of the eighteenth part of a pound;
Today, with the primary long arm of the U.S. military being the M16/M4, the nearest equivalent firearm civilians can buy (in most states) is the AR-15. Rather than trying to outlaw AR-15s as so-called "assault weapons" ( an artificially constructed designation that changes with the whims of each state's legislators), the government should be encouraging citizens to own AR-15s in order to be suitably armed for our role as the unorganized militia.
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