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Old December 2, 2012, 01:39 PM   #29
Bart B.
Senior Member
Join Date: February 15, 2009
Posts: 6,318
There are folks who have tried proper full length sizing tools and techniques that have not worked for them Having helped more than a few get andor do the right stuff after seeing how they used their own full length stuff, they all got better accuracy. The biggest cause of one neck only sizing producing better accuracy than their full length trials is twofold.

One common problem is the case necks get sized down way too much by the FL die and the expander ball bends the neck enlarging it to a thousandth or so smaller than its diameter. Uniform case neck wall thickness a bit usually helps fix this. And lubing the inside of the case neck before sizing also helps; just be darned sure you clean that lube out with naptha or something else that doesn't leave a film.

Another one is the FL die's set too low in the press and sizes fired cases such that their shoulder's moved back too far. This means rimless bottleneck cases are pushed too far by the firing pin into the chamber before their shoulder stops against the chamber shoulder. The more uneven the case wall thickness is, the more one side of that case will stretch back and smack the bolt face off center enough to cause accuracy problems; Yes, this happens; Creighton Audette wrote quite an article years ago on this very thing. Full length sizing dies should be set so they push fired case shoulders back only 1 to 2 thousandths of an inch. This has been the "standard" since the late 1950's.

The last issue is the fired case is "partial neck sized" with a full length sizing die where only some of the neck's sized down. This typically ends up pushing the fired case shouder foreard to where it get pushed into the chamber shoulder when the bolt's closed and binds up. As most rifle's bolt faces are not square with the chamber axis, this means a previously fired case has a head that aint' square after it slams into the bolt face with 12,000 pounds of force from peak pressure over 60,000 psi. When the high point of each surface align, that causes more accuracy problems as the bolt binds up inconsistantly to the receiver for each shot and this causes accuracy problems. The bolt must go "back into battery" exactly the same for each and every shot. Even tapping the op rod of an M1 or M14 service rifle will change the bolt's seat fit to the receiver and the round in the chamber won't shoot too accurate relative to rounds chambered and no tap, bump or press whatsoever on the bolt handle.

Eventually, all neck only sized bottleneck cases will have to be full length sized. Each firing ends up with the body and shoulder dimensions being a tiny bit bigger. But the barrel's chamber stays the same size. More than a few hunters using neck only sized cases couldn't chamber around to waylay Bambi's daddy when it stood still for 5 minutes 76 yards 4 inches away. Back when neck only was popular with benchresters, they full length sized every 5 or 6 reloads on a given case so they would chamber easily without binding up the bolt; bolt binding's a no-no for accuracy buffs.

All the above aside, if your and your stuff doesn't shoot better than 1 MOA at worst for100 yard targets, you may well not see any difference across all the tools and techniques used to reload fired cases in center fire rifles.
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