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Old November 13, 2012, 05:48 PM   #43
Josh Smith
Senior Member
Join Date: November 5, 2000
Location: Wabash IN
Posts: 673
Originally Posted by Duzell
im not saying your nuts or anything of the sort

the typical bullet of a rifle achieves maximum velocity in 22 (30 ODD 6 and similar rounds is what im referring to) that is typically the amount of length needed to burn the gas and propel the bullet, a longer barrel can be handy to keep accuracy higher, but typically the 22 is the minimum range you go to keep accuracy and velocity of a rifle , even a 24 is better in some cases to improve accuracy. now a sniper rifle usually has a long barrel to provide the maximum accuracy and range, but the gas loses its initial momentum and can lower the maximum velocity, but not hamper accuracy, this is a basic ballistic characteristic of a rifle bullet. its just a physics concept that has to do with barrel which is the length to travel from exit of muzzle, and the gas burn rate + amount of inertia placed upon bullet to achieve muzzle velocity. as gas burns it creates energy and applys a force ->, as it travels the gas burns itself out to a point were inertial energy transfer begins to drop. this 22 idea was thought up during the war originally i believe, when extensive test showed rifles of length 22 could still reach the max velocity(look at old war rifles lengths if youd like) so for close combat and weigth loss, the 22 length was easier to use and maneuver with while in combat, unlike a long barreled rifle such as my 91/30 which were typicaly used as sniper long range rifles.

basically its determined by what funtion youd like the rifle to achieve
close combat/ tacticle use that can retain long range capabilities


long range and highly accurate at the loss of mobility and inertia
Some of the powder I use is slow burning enough that velocity is still increasing when the bullet exists the 29" barrel.

Referencing data from several cartridges fired in a long rifle (91/30 etc) compared to being fired in a shorter rifle (M44), the M44 loses a good 200fps or so to light ball.

Didn't look at heavy ball as that was phased out for infantry before most carbines were introduced in Russia.


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