I am in charge of an indoor range at a private club in Brooklyn, NYC, NY. We have about 200 members.
We are not a turnkey club. For some one to get a key, they must take a range safety course that is given twice a year. They must take this regardless of other qualifications that they may have. They also must come down to the club and shoot with me or shoot while I am on the range (more than once or twice). I make it a point to know, personally, how some one who wants a key handles a firearm.
So far.....it's been 20 years.....there have been no issues.
The club also has a rule that allows a member to bring a friend in to shoot - once.
After that, if the friend likes to shoot, they are free to join the club.
“Auto racing, bull fighting, and mountain climbing are the only real sports ... all others are games.” Ernest Hemingway ...
NRA Life Member