View Full Version : how often to clean a 10 22?

October 17, 2012, 08:17 PM
hey guys i have a ruger 10-22 and put 500 rounds through it this week. i ran a bore snake through it multiple times and is clean but should i take out the bolt assembly and such and clean that now also? im going 2 be shooting again friday anyways

October 17, 2012, 08:22 PM
Some people say just shoot it till it shoots like crap..

October 17, 2012, 08:28 PM
I think the greatest problem is the accumulation of wax mixed with gunpowder residue. This will gum up the mechanism, just how much to get there, heck if I know.

I clean my rimfires before they are put back in the safe. I do not believe in trying to find out how long I can postpone maintenance before I start having malfunctions.

I also regularly change the oil in my trucks, perform periodic maintenance. Others I know just wait till the wheels fall off before they do anything.

October 17, 2012, 08:32 PM
No. You're wasting your time unless you just like cleaning guns.

I don't have a 10/22 (though I think they're great guns) but I shoot at least a 500 round brick of .22 through various pistols & rifles every time I go to the range and I go about once a week. So my guns get shot. And get shot a lot. So much so I actually had Tactical Solutions send me a whole new 1911 .22 kit because I literally shot my old one out.

I rarely ever properly "clean" them, rather when they get too gum'd up, I'll spray them with lube, wipe off the big chunks of grit then spray them down again and away I shoot. I rarely have reliability problems and have never noticed a degradation in accuracy.

Some people enjoy cleaning their guns and keeping them in military-grade cleanness which I think is great. On the other hand I like to shoot and find it a huge waste of time. As long as it goes "BANG" I don't care if it's clean or not.

Metal god
October 17, 2012, 09:32 PM
I'm big on cleaning my guns . They get cleaned after every range trip . Like Beretta said I love cleaning my guns . It's a way to make sure everything is working properly and just good therapy . How ever if i was to be going back out in a couple days i think I'd just bore snake it and clean what I could with some Q-tips then a coulpe drops of CLP . Maybe not even that with my 22lr , but at least that with any of my other guns .

I do recomend a thorough cleaning with a final wet patch down the bore if your going to put the gun up for a while .

I've got a story for ya about how I take care of my guns . A long time a go I pawned my beretta 92G. :( when I was at the pawn shop I told them the gun had about 1,500 to 2,000 round thruogh it . They told me there was no way that gun had been shot that much cus it was in like new condition . I'd say yes at least that much and the guy would argue with me no way maybe 200 .Anyways I thought that was funny and a bit of a pat on the back for how well I took care of it .

October 18, 2012, 01:34 AM
i grew up from the school of always clean your gun every time you shoot it, but after some research and just general observation i think thats a waste, and possibly even damaging if you arent careful, when it comes to rimfires. My automatics i will lube the action, maybe take a toothbrush to the bolt face, etc but rarely clean the barrels, only if the accuracy begins to drop off.

October 18, 2012, 06:39 AM
The last time I shot my 10/22, I checked that the barrel clamp screws were tight, then reassembled the action to the stock, tightening the screws.
I sighted in a 4x scope, and proceeded to fire dime sized ten shot groups at fifty yards which obliterated the X on the bullseye.
Now, I am afraid to touch a screw on the rifle. I'll probably keep shooting until the action gets sluggish.

October 18, 2012, 06:43 AM
Clean it when it quits working or loses accuracy. A few drops of CLP or whatever oil is your choice every few hundred shots is usually all that's required or even prudent.

October 18, 2012, 11:39 AM
I always clean all my guns after firing. It may be excessive but I've never wasted $10 at the range trying to shoot a gun that won't fire right. It helps to enjoy cleaning guns.

Metal god
October 18, 2012, 01:35 PM
Generally 22 ammo is very dirty especialy the bulk stuff . I'm of the belief that not cleaning semi auto 22lr creates a slurry of grit and grime inside the action . This slurry can not be good for moving parts . I believe as the metals rub against each other in this slurry over time the parts will wear more . I plan on having and shooting my guns for a very long time . Buy keeping them clean I hope to have them operate and shoot just as well at year 30 or even year 60 as they get handed down as they did at year one . :)

October 18, 2012, 02:33 PM
On my semi auto .22's I occasionally spray out the action with carb cleaner then give it a little shot of oil. Rarely clean the barrel.

October 18, 2012, 04:36 PM
Frankly I am shocked at some of the answers to this question on how long people go before they clean their rifles, but maybe that is just me. When it comes to my weapons I am an OCD neat freak.

This is a topic of great debate and if you ask 50 people you would probably get 50 different answers. So here is mine. I clean my rifles, handguns and shotguns after each time I finish firing them. I do not allow a weapon to go uncleaned over night after it has been fired. I guess you can just call me anal when it comes to that. In all my tours in Iraq and Afghanistan I NEVER ONCE had a single stoppage. And you can rest assured no soldier of mine hit the sack before his weapon was cleaned, whether he fired it or not. And woe be to them if I took their rifle, ran my pinky in the chamber and came out with a dirty pinky.

After 500 rounds with a brand new rifle I would say you are WAY overdue. It has been my experience that .22 ammunition as a general rule uses "dirtier" powder than high power rifles. A patch run through a bore of a .22 after 10 rounds will definitely be dirtier than a patch run through a bore of a .30-06 after the same number of rounds.

Some people will say that cleaning a rifle every time it is fired accelerates barrel wear. To that I say it depends on what kind of cleaning rods you use. I use soft aluminum cleaning rods instead of steel ones and I only use brass jags. If anything is going to wear, it will be the rods and really, who cares? Rods are cheap compared to a new barrel, that is for sure

October 18, 2012, 04:36 PM
I've three 10/22's, a couple bolt actions and a mess of handguns and they all get their actions cleaned after shooting. But unlike my centerfires, I seldom clean the bores.

October 18, 2012, 05:07 PM
I clean mine every time I shoot it. But I like cleaning guns :D

October 18, 2012, 05:23 PM
how often to clean a 10 22?
Staying on point, on the Ruger 10/22, I'd let it indicate to me when to clean and how deep. In your round count, I would clean it, including the bolt, spring and reciever. However, these little guys will still function just fine, on higher counts. I did a trigger job on a five year old gun and I could not work on it until I cleaned it. Asked the owner how often he cleaned and he told me that he had never cleaned it. If you prefer cleaning after each range-time, you might do more harm than good. .... ;)

Be Safe !!!

October 18, 2012, 05:32 PM
how often to clean a 10 22?

People clean 10/22s:confused:

October 19, 2012, 02:29 AM
They need cleaning?

October 19, 2012, 08:22 AM
I had a 10-22 for years and never cleaned it and it never failed. Have two Marlin 795s and never clean them. I will wipe them down and some lubrication. I just don't fall into the clean my gun every time I shoot it camp. Self-defense guns do get periodic attention. There are potential downsides to cleaning/disassembling firearms as I read here all the time. I tend to like revolvers and pump actions. To each his own.

October 19, 2012, 08:44 AM
I clean mine religiously every five years.

October 19, 2012, 09:09 AM
i try and clean mine after every time shooting however i have friends that never clean there and they shoot fime

October 19, 2012, 09:23 AM
People clean 10/22s :confused:

Plus one. I clean my center fire and pistol after every shooting,But 10 years on 2 10/22's,never a issue and never more than a wipe down of barrel

Ken - Oh
October 21, 2012, 02:55 PM
Frankly I am shocked at some of the answers to this question on how long people go before they clean their rifles, but maybe that is just me. When it comes to my weapons I am an OCD neat freak.

You admit you are an "OCD neat freak" and you are shocked that not everyone is like you?:confused::confused::confused:

I've heard it said that more damage is done by cleaning than not cleaning.

Of course if I were in a combat situation it would be different, but so far I've never had my 10/22 fail to protect me from my paper targets. :D

October 21, 2012, 03:07 PM
I just cant let mine sit there filthy. It is good to know that for whatever reason I cant clean it and need it just a few drops of CLP will get her running and keep it running.

Metal god
October 21, 2012, 03:18 PM
I've heard it said that more damage is done by cleaning than not cleaning.

Im still having a hard time wrapping my head around this idea .Have you ever tried to push a bullet down the bore with your finger or cleaning rod ( not recommended ) I find it hard to believe that a couple passes of a bore snake is harder on the bore then several hundred rounds screaming down the barrel . Now if people are talking about using the wrong cleaning products thats a hole different subject . If you use the wrong tools for anything you do in life you have the chance of making it worse . I do not recommend cleaning any gun with the wrong tools , you can cause more damage then not cleaning it at all .

Ken - Oh
October 21, 2012, 03:29 PM
Im still having a hard time wrapping my head around this idea .Have you ever tried to push a bullet down the bore with your finger or cleaning rod ( not recommended ) I find it hard to believe that a couple passes of a bore snake is harder on the bore then several hundred rounds screaming down the barrel .

I'm certainly no expert but the first thing that comes to mind is using a cleaning rod from the wrong end and messing up the barrel crown. And of course there is the whole discussion of steel/aluminum/coated/brass rods.

For those of you who clean the 10/22 every time you shoot it, do you disassemble it to clean it from the chamber end, or do you just do it from the other end?


Metal god
October 21, 2012, 04:28 PM
I think it all comes down to cleaning your guns correctly . I think your right If you use the wrong tools and the wrong metods you will get bad results .I do take my 10/22 apart every time and only run the snake from chamber to crown . That being said , my 10/22 is my least important when it comes to the bore and crown but I still take care of it . I think I mentioned my slurry theory in a previos post above . I believe that goes for ARs as well .

October 23, 2012, 12:09 PM
I don't always clean my 10/22 right after shooting it. It has layed in the carrying case for a few days a couple of times. If I'm spending a few days at my parents property, I'll just bring along a bore snake, and a few solvent soaked patches if the .22 shooting goes into overtime.

October 23, 2012, 05:50 PM
I don't believe any modern firearm needs to be always squeake clean.
That being said , I can se that it will hurt it. :D

October 23, 2012, 06:17 PM
I've got a 10/22 that's got nearly 10k rounds through it. The last time it was cleaned... nearly 10k rounds ago.

So far it keeps on functioning just fine. That said I DO do a field strip and wipe the interior parts down with a cloth soaked with Militec-1 oil every couple thousand rounds (basically when I remember to do it). Not exactly a cleaning, more like just making sure everything is coated in oil so as not to rust.

October 24, 2012, 01:01 AM
Isn't this why they just recently came out with the 10/22 takedown rifle in stainless?

So that it fits in the dishwasher.

I clean my 10/22s after use, even if it is just a quick bore snake chamber to muzzle and/or a little lube just to make sure that all keeps on being copacetic.

I generally do a complete tear down at least once a year on all of my guns; regardless of useage, I like to see how they are "wearing" and also to make sure that lube is where it should be.

October 24, 2012, 08:30 AM
My "every 5 years" reply was really a tongue in cheek thing.
I do clean mine more often than that, probably twice a year.
But, fact is, it was bought used to be my truck gun, a real beater. It kicked around on the floor behind the seat for many years and worked whenever asked to.
It is now near my back door and is my 'critter gitter". There are few mechanical things I have ever owned that worked as reliably as this little rifle.

Mr Budha
October 25, 2012, 03:44 PM
On my Marlin 60 I usually only clean the barrel because I'm timid about taking apart the action. It's seen maybe a total of 350 -400 rounds but still shoots great. I'll eventually take it apart but like many others said, I'll do it when I see a degrade in performance.

October 26, 2012, 08:30 PM
If you are taking the barrel off to clean from the back, you are doing way too much work. If you can't stand the idea of cleaning from the muzzle, a bore snake is significantly faster than removing the barrel. I have seen a write up where someone drilled a hole in the back of the receiver to allow cleaning from the rear. Of course, you could just get a takedown model and clean the easy way. I clean my non takedown from the front.

Ken - Oh
October 26, 2012, 10:05 PM
^^^^ And that is exactly an example of what I said earlier:
I've heard it said that more damage is done by cleaning than not cleaning.

October 27, 2012, 12:06 AM
I agree.