View Full Version : Need some chemist.

May 10, 2008, 09:40 PM
I am nearly in need of another batch of "Ed's Red".I was wondering about the use of the new Mobil 1 Synthetic ATF in place of the older ATF fluid.Would it be better or worse than what is available today,as all of it seems to be different today than it was when the recipe was written.

I would welcome any and all ideas about any ingredients.



May 10, 2008, 10:15 PM
I'm a chemist and have no idea of the answer. I would think the synthetic would work just fine in your Ed's Red formulation though. I believe the original formulation was with Sperm (as in whale) oil, so we are all a long way from the original anyway.

May 11, 2008, 01:39 AM
I believe the Ed's Red recipe calls for Dexron II or better, doesn't it? Mobil 1 ATF is that.

May 11, 2008, 05:43 AM
What is Ed's Red?:confused:

May 11, 2008, 09:00 AM
Ed's red is a old time homemade bore cleaning solution.It is cheaper than store bought in the long run.It worked!It was originally made for outdoor or out under a shelter use as it was capable of lighting you up at the flip of a switch,a spark or flame.BUT!Oh how it worked to remove everything but copper out of your barrel and many believed it helped with that.Dirty powder residue from cheap .22 rf. to shotgun shells,it "shore does shine".Barrel streaking from plastic wads will be gone.It cleans and protects from rust.

Screw in or poly choke stuck from fouling?Run a wet swab of Ed's Red in it and stick it in a corner with the muzzle in a ss or glass bowl to soak.Try it every now and then.If it don't come,swab it with some more and soak it some more.I have seen 3 chokes free up that had been frozen up and just used as un choked guns for over 25 years several times,free up after a few weeks to months of this treatment.It also cleans the fouling out of all types of actions.I have known some folk to shoot guns for many years with out disassembling and cleaning the bolts or any of the action simply by juicing it down with Ed's Red every now and then and letting it "Drip Dry".They have worked fine forever!

Now keep it off the stock finish or anything else you do not want removed!It is also a great penetrating oil!

Ed's red was made to work much like the OLD military and Hoppe's cleaners I believe.It ain't the miracle some modern cleaners claim.It does a better job than some that I have tried that claimed to be a miracle in my opinion!

Now I ain't but "going on 63".I very often see or hear some young Buck make the claim"Such and such is best"."I know,I have tried every one that they ever made".I ask them how old they are and they instantly acquire rabies!I wish that I could have afforded to try them all.Being that I have not,I don't know what is best.I cannot afford to try all that they presently make.I do know that Ed's Red helped me be able to shoot,maintain and afford a Poor man's collection of over 50 guns for many years in a damp South East Georgia climate.Due to ill health I had to part with much I loved and cherished.

I have looked for "the best" of everything since I can remember.Ed's Red is one of the "Real Good" things I have found.

Thank you C.E."Ed" Harris for taking the time and effort to make this.Most of all,thanks for sharing it with us!You done us all good!

Now,I want some more,and I know that most of the ingredients in the ATF has changed,Acetone and turpentine prices are out of this world.The governments of the world have stockpiled and horded the available Sperm Whale oil as a necessary ingredient to trigger a Nuclear Weapon.Being that I am no longer able to go out and get me a Sperm whale if I wanted one,all that I can do is come as close as I can to the original recipe with the help of all on here.


May 13, 2008, 07:51 PM
I think I have quite a bit of original ATF from the late 60's early 70's still in "cans"(yes cans, for the young guys). If this will work as its the old formula please let me know. I think I might be able to get some more from the guy that has it if anyone is interested. As far as the sperm goes, I may have a few back issues of playboy for the task.LOL

May 14, 2008, 09:52 PM
anyone have this formula for reds ?
i will mix it if the stuffs available !!!!!:D

May 15, 2008, 08:38 PM
Thanks alfred that stuff sounds great. Ok someone cough up the fomula.:)

May 15, 2008, 11:23 PM
"Ed's Red" - - Revisited

By C.E., "Ed" Harris

Since I mixed my first "Ed's Red" (ER) bore cleaner five years ago, hundreds of users have told me that they find it as effective as commercial products. This cleaner has an action similar to military rifle bore cleaner, such as Mil-C-372B. Itaner, such as Mil-C-372B. It is highly effective for removing plastic fouling from shotgun bores, caked carbon inn semi-automatic rifles or pistols, or leading in revolvers. "ER" is not a "decoppering" solution for fast removal of heavy jacket fouling, but because is more effective in removal of caked carbon and primer residues than most other cleaners, so metal fouling is reduced when "ER" is used.

I researched the subject rather thoroughly and determined there was no technical reason why an effective firearm bore cleaner couldn't be mixed using common hardware store ingredients. The resulting cleaner is safe, effective, inexpensive, provides excellent corrosion protection and adequate residual lubrication. Routine oiling after cleaning is unnecessary except for storage exceeding 1 year, or in harsh environments, such as salt air exposure.

The formula is adapted from Hatcher's "Frankford Arsenal Cleaner No.18," but substitutes equivalent modern materials. Hatcher's recipe called for equal parts of acetone, turpentine, Pratts Astral Oil and sperm oil, and (optionally) 200 grams of anhydrous lanolin per liter into the cleaner.

Some discussion of the ingredients in ER is helpful to understand the properties of the cleaner and how it works. Pratts Astral Oil was nothing more than acidg more than acid free, deodorized kerosene. Today you would ask for "K1" kerosene of the type sold for use in indoor space heaters.

An inexpensive, effective substitute for sperm oil is Dexron III automatic transmission fluid. Prior to 1950 most ATF's were sperm oil based. During WWII sperm oil was mostly unavailable, so highly refined, dewaxed hydrofinished petroleum oils were developed, which had excellent thermal stability. When antioxidants were added to prevent gumming these worked well in precision instruments.

With the high demand for automatic transmission autos after WWII, sperm oil was no longer practical to produce ATFs in the needed quantities needed, so the wartime expedients were mass produced. ATFs have been continually improved over the years. The additives contained in Dexron include detergents or other surfactants which are highly suitable for inclusion in an all-purpose cleaner, lubricant and preservative.

Hatcher's Frankford Arsenal No. 18 used gum spirits of turpentine, but turpentine is both expensive and also highly flammable, so I chose not to use it. Much safer and more inexpensive are "aliphatic mineral spirits," which are an open-chain organic solvent, rather than the closed-chain, benzene ring structure, commontructure, common to "aromatics," such as naptha or "lighter fluid." Sometimes called "safety solvent," aliphatic mineral spirits are used for thinning oil based paint, as automotive parts cleaner and is commonly sold under the names "odorless mineral spirits," "Stoddard Solvent" or "Varsol".

Acetone is included to provide an aggressive, fast-acting solvent for caked smokeless powder residues. Because acetone readily evaporates and the fumes are harmful in high concentrations, it is recommended that it be left out if the cleaner will be used indoors, in soak tanks or in enclosed spaces lacking forced air ventilation. Containers should be kept tightly closed when not in use. ER is still effective without acetone, but not as "fast-acting."

"Ed's Red" does not chemically dissolve copper fouling in rifle bores, but it does a better job of removing carbon and primer residue than most other cleaners. Many users have told me, that frequent and exclusive use of "ER" reduces copper deposits, because it removes the old impacted powder fouling left behind by other cleaners. This reduces the abrasion and adhesion of jacket metal to the bore, leaving a cleaner surface condition which reduces subsequent fouling. Experience indicatesrience indicates that "ER" will actually remove metal fouling in bores if it is left to "soak," for a few days so the surfactants will do the job, when followed by a repeat cleaning. You simply have to be patient.

Addition of lanolin to ER is optional, because the cleaner works perfectly well and gives adequate corrosion protection and lubrication without it. Inclusion of lanolin makes the cleaner easier on the hands, increases its lubricity and film strength and improves corrosion protection if firearms, tools or equipment will be routinely exposed to salt air, water spray, or corrosive urban atmospheres.

I recommend the lanolin included if you intend to use the cleaner as a protectant for long term storage or for a "flush" after water cleaning of black powder firearms or those fired with military chlorate primers. This is because lanolin has a great affinity for water and readily emulsifies so that the bore can be wiped of residual moisture, leaving a protective film. If you inspect your guns and wipe them down twice yearly, you can leave out the lanolin and save about $10 per gallon.

At current retail prices you can buy all the ingredients to mix ER, without the lanolin for about $12 per gallon. I urge you to mix some yourself. I ame yourself. I am confident it will work as well for you as it does for me and hundreds of users who got the "recipe" on the Fidonet Firearms Echo.

CONTENTS: Ed's Red Bore Cleaner

* 1 part Dexron ATF, GM Spec. D-20265 or later.
* 1 part Kerosene - deodorized, K1
* 1 part Aliphatic Mineral Spirits
* CAS #64741-49-9, or substitute "Stoddard Solvent", CAS #8052-41-3, or equivalent.
* 1 part Acetone, CAS #67-64-1.
* (Optional 1 lb. of Lanolin, Anhydrous, USP per gallon, or OK to substitute Lanolin, Modified, Topical Lubricant, from the drug store)


Mix outdoors, in good ventilation. Use a clean 1 gallon metal, chemical-resistant, heavy gage PET or PVC plastic container. NFPA approved plastic gasoline storage containers are OK. Do NOT use HDPE, which is permeable, because the acetone will slowly evaporate. Acetone in ER will attack HDPE over time, causing the container to collapse, making a heck of a mess!

Add the ATF first. Use the empty container to measure the otherainer to measure the other components, so that it is thoroughly rinsed. If you incorporate the lanolin into the mixture, melt this carefully in a double boiler, taking precautions against fire. Pour the melted lanolin it into a larger container, rinsing the lanolin container with the bore cleaner mix, and stirring until it is all dissolved. I recommend diverting up to 4 ozs. per quart of the 50-50 ATF/kerosene mix to use as "ER-compatible" gun oil. This can be done without impairing the effectiveness of the remaining mix. Label and safety warnings follow:



Contents: petroleum distillates, surfactants, organometallic antioxidants and acetone.

1. Flammable mixture, keep away from heat, sparks or flame.

2. FIRST AID, If swallowed DO NOT induce vomiting, call physician immediately. In case of eye contact immediately flush thoroughly with water and call a physician. For skin contact wash thoroughly.

3. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapors or spray mist. It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with itsonsistent with its labeling. Reports have associated repeated and prolonged occupational overexposure to solvents with permanent brain and nervous system damage. If using in closed armory vaults lacking forced air ventilation wear respiratory protection meeting NIOSH TC23C or equivalent. Keep container tightly closed when not in use.


1. Open the firearm action and ensure the bore is clear. Cleaning is most effective when done while the barrel is still warm from firing. Saturate a cotton patch with bore cleaner, wrap or impale on jag and push it through the bore from breech to muzzle. The patch should be a snug fit. Let the first patch fall off and do not pull it back into the bore.

2. Wet a second patch, and similarly start it into the bore from the breech, this time scrubbing from the throat area forward in 4-5" strokes and gradually advancing until the patch emerges out the muzzle. Waiting approximately 1 minute to let the bore cleaner soak will improve its action.

3. For pitted, heavily carbon-fouled service rifles, leaded revolvers or neglected bores a bronze brush wet with bore cleaner may be used to remove stubborn deposits. This is unnecessary for smooth, target-grade barrels in routine use.
routine use.

4. Use a final wet patch pushed straight through the bore to flush out loosened residue dissolved by Ed's Red. Let the patch fall off the jag without pulling it back into the bore. If you are finished firing, leaving the bore wet will protect it from rust for 1 year under average atmospheric conditions.

5. If lanolin is incorporated into the mixture, it will protect the firearm from rust for up to two years, even in a humid environment. (For longer storage use Lee Liquid Alox or Cosmolene). "ER" will readily remove hardened Alox or Cosmolene.

6. Wipe spilled Ed's Red from exterior surfaces before storing the gun. While Ed's Red is harmless to blue and nickel finishes, the acetone it contains is harmful to most wood finishes.

7. Before firing again, push two dry patches through the bore and dry the chamber, using a patch wrapped around a suitably sized brush or jag. First shot point of impact usually will not be disturbed by Ed's Red if the bore is cleaned as described.

8. I have determined to my satisfaction that when Ed's Red is used exclusively and thoroughly, that hot water cleaning is unnecessary after use of Pyrodex or military chlorate primers. However, if bores are not wiped between shots and shots and areand shots and are heavily caked from black powder fouling, hot water cleaning is recommended first to break up heavy fouling deposits. Water cleaning should be followed by a flush with Ed's Red to prevent after-rusting which could result from residual moisture. It is ALWAYS good practice to clean TWICE, TWO DAYS APART whenever using chlorate primed ammunition, just to make sure you get all the corrosive residue out.

This "Recipe" has been placed in the public domain, and may be freely distributed provided that it is done so in its entirely with all current revisions, instructions and safety warnings included herein, and that proper attribution is given to the author.

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May 15, 2008, 11:23 PM
Just go on line and punch in "Ed's Red Bore Cleaner".The recipe is there multiple times.alfred

May 16, 2008, 09:33 AM
I'm just going to go on line and order some more Butch's Bore Shine! :D

May 16, 2008, 11:59 AM
The kerosene required,
How about Sea Foam (http://www.seafoamsales.com/products.htm). I was told Kerosene is the primary ingredient.