View Full Version : Short action

January 30, 2000, 08:22 PM
I've heard the term "short action" used when discussing rifles. What exactly does it mean?

January 30, 2000, 08:40 PM
Short actions refer to the length of that action. This is in direct relation to the length of cartridges that will fit the rifle (i.e. .223, 7mm-08, .308)

Long actions will handle longer cartridges (.300 WinMag and the like) with a corresponding longer bolt throw to chamber a round.

I don't know the "stands" for long and short actions. Maybe another member will help us our.

GySgt, USMC(Ret)
NRA Life, Lodge 1201-UOSSS
"Si vis Pacem Para Bellum"

James K
January 30, 2000, 10:27 PM
The dimensions of "long" and "short" actions vary with the manufacturer. At one time, for example, Remington made a Model 721 long action for .30-'06 size cartridges, and a Model 722 for .222 and .223 size. Now, there is one model number, 700, but it is still made in two action sizes.

Other makers use a "one size fits all" with the longer action adapted to short cartridges by means of magazine blocks and the like.

Some actions, especially ex-military Mausers, have been shortened by gunsmiths by cutting a piece out of the action and the bolt and welding the pieces back together. By cutting off center, some smiths made a long action and a short action from two standard length actions.


January 31, 2000, 08:34 PM
As stated above Short Action refers to an action that is only long enough to handle a particular round. Why have extra weight that is not needed? Remington has the M700 in short and long 308 types are short and 30/06 types are long. After this you also have your Magnum actions which will take your longer rounds. Some folks like Sako and Dakota carry this a little bit further. You can cut em and block em you can even stretch em but getting a new made one that is right is the best idea IMHO