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Old July 12, 2007, 07:42 PM   #1
black bear 84
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Binoculars

BINOCULARS

Hi guys,
The big brown truck and the nice man that brings goodies to the house stopped yesterday with a package from Cabela’s.
I was deprived from sleep for the five days that it took between order and delivery, but finally the Nikon Monarch ATB 8x40 binoculars are here, and I will sleep soundly tonight.



Although I have quite a few binoculars in my safe, I don’t have nearly as many of them as I do flashlights (most of you know me as the crazy guy that owns all those flashlights); but fear not, I am getting there.
So it occurred to me that I should make a post about binoculars for those that are bored of hearing about my lights.
I had owned quite a good amount of binoculars since I bought my first as a 15 year-old with an itch about optics. I even owned an expensive Zeiss when I was single and didn’t had a family to take care of.
And I am here to tell you that the quality, brightness, sharpness, and durability of the new binoculars now on the market; it is better than ever.
Not long ago, if we wanted all these features in a good binocular the choice was between spending a thousand in a Zeiss, Swarosvki, Leica or Minox or looking for good Porro prisms in the Nikon or Pentax lines.
But since a couple of years ago, the Japanese starting coating the roof prisms of their binoculars with Phase Coating, and the sharpness and definition of their roof prism binos had increased to the point to rival the European imports from the big four, and all at very modest cost.

Take, for example, the Nikon Monarch ATB (All terrain binocular) 8x42 I just received, or my Pentax DCF WP 8x42 that I bought last year.




All lenses are fully multicoated (that means all surfaces, not only the glass to air surfaces) prisms are phased-corrected and have mirror-coated lower prisms (not cheap aluminum). They have blackened tubes to avoid reflections and are waterproof and fog proof; they have a nice outer coating of rubber (silent) and very good ergonomics. I particularly like the twist eye cups for eye-glass wearers and the ample eye relief: no problem using it with my glasses and instant acquisition of the picture even with glasses on.



All that can be said for the Nikon Monarch can be said also of my Pentax DCF WP 8x42, except for the weight: the Nikon is lighter at 22 ounces but I don’t know how much my Pentax weighs until I get a new battery for my fish scale.

I like the approach of securing the objective caps to the body of the binocular that the Nikon uses as well. I had to get creative with the Pentax and cook up something home-made to hold the caps to the binocular body.
I did the usual checking for good prisms by holding the binos a few inches away and looking at the light spot in the ocular lens, nice and round without any hint of flattening, just like I was expecting. I checked collimation by holding it a few inches away and pointing them at the yellow line in the road, straight and sharp with not sign of being distorted.
To test the sharpness and resolution most people look from the inside to the outside thru an open window, and most binoculars will perform well under those conditions. I look for a dark corner in the room and try to read some labels or a newspaper print set for the occasion; that is what separates the mediocre from the good or great binoculars.

As the Nikon and the Pentax are so the same in quality I tried to spot any optical differences between them by perching one on top of the other and alternatively looking thru them. After several minutes of this I have to admit that they are both the same optical quality as far as my eyes can tell, without resorting to an optical laboratory.



I have looked thru many Swarovski and Zeiss lenses, (I hunt the stores) superb optical quality in those glasses. I can tell you for sure than the new Nikon and Pentax are almost the equal of those expensive brands; that I only paid just over $300 with shipping for such a superb glass as the Nikon still amazes me.

Kind regards,
Black Bear
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Old July 12, 2007, 08:04 PM   #2
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Good info, BB; thanks - you're a bit of a gear comparison nut, as am I. Yep, the Monarch ATBs look real nice, both in the midsized x40s and the larger x56s - they made my final list amount top roofie bino choices here:

http://www.thefiringline.com/forums/...d.php?t=243590

Can you tell us all the make & models you own of binos?
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Old July 16, 2007, 07:25 AM   #3
black bear 84
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FirstFreedom,
Thank you, I am also impressed by your research on binoculars in the link you gave me.

My binoculars could be a little outdated, they are the accumulation of 40 years of hunting.


However I may post them here from time to time, just to make the old timers remember them.

My next post have something about it.

By the way, I love your sig line
THANKS
Black Bear
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Old July 16, 2007, 07:27 AM   #4
black bear 84
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BINOCULARS 8 X 56

Hi guys,
This post will be of little help to those looking to buy a binocular in the 8 x 56 size, because what I have here is a little outdated, my Tasco 8x56 is about twenty seven years old and my Pentax DCF 8x56 about six.
Still let me talk a little about them so you can see what job the monster can do.

Great improvement has been made lately, especially in the phase correction of prisms that has sharpened the image considerably.
These big and heavy binoculars together with the 7x50 are called night glasses and they have a very specialized job of taking advantage of the last available light at dusk and before dawn to see game in their habitat, they are mostly used by European hunters with their liberal shooting hours and used mostly from machans or hotchsit where the bulk and weight are of no consequence.

In the eighties I was involved in doing some research in the habits of black bear, I have seated many times at bait stations armed only with these heavy binoculars, learning the feeding peculiarities and the pecking order of the American black bear.

Although I had lusted over getting a Zeiss 8x56 I had to conform myself with the Tasco 8x56 for many years until I found a brighter binocular in the Pentax DCF.
Brightness is a function of many things (including the objective diameter) the more prominent of them is quality of glass, the better factories use heavy and expensive Bak4 glass in the prisms and extra low dispersion glass for color correction and aspherical lenses that have multicoats of anti reflection coating as much as seven times; it looks like the Pentax binocular uses several of the new techniques to be brighter and sharper than the Tasco 8x56.


Although my Pentax DCF is not corrected for phase distortion at the prisms, it is extremely sharp and bright; the new binoculars in the line of Nikon, Pentax, and others are, being made even better by the addition of phase correction in the prisms.
In my Pentax the correction for eye relief for eye glass wearers is made on the old style fold down rubber eyecups, so you get only fully retracted or fully extended eye cups. I am very impressed with the new system in the Nikon line of helical retracted eye cups and in the Pentax line with the pull up or down eyecups that have come out in the last few years.

My six years old Pentax DCF 8x56 has the objective and ocular caps not attached in any way to the body of the binocular, I had to get creative and cook something home made with a ribbon and some Velcro to have those caps at all times together with the binoculars, new binoculars in the Pentax line will be better in this regard (at least they have a solid ocular lens cover) and I am impressed with the system of retaining the covers that Nikon is using now.




I pulled both binoculars from the safe a few days ago and compared the brightness and sharpness by putting them in the tripod perched in top of each other and taking alternate peeks throughout them at a ADT sign that is in my neighbor house, located at 50 yards from the tripod (by laser rangefinder) it reads in very small letter “protected by” ADT in big letters and again in small letters “security systems”.




Both binocular let me read the sign and the small letters, but the Pentax was sharper than the Tasco and the quality of glass on the Pentax resolved much better when the light was falling down.




At dusk when other binocular have quit, the big 8x56 continues to show you a clear picture. As I see its utility is for those that are willing to carry them in a back pack to use only after the daylight binoculars carried in the neck have quit showing detail.

I don’t think many of these big 8x56 are sold, many people from hunters to bird watchers prefer top carry the compacts 8x42 that are lighter and less bulky and can show birds or game quite well until just before dusk, still I am writing this so everybody is aware that they exist and that they perform a very special function.

Kind regards
Black Bear
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Old July 16, 2007, 08:38 AM   #5
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8x56 vs. 9x63

Nice report, thanks.

8x56s are big, but if you wanna talk about "night glasses", the 9x63s and 9x60s are getting more popular:

http://www.opticsplanet.net/vortex-h...s-hol-963.html - 39 oz.

http://www.opticsplanet.net/oberwerk-9x60.html - 37 oz

The 9x63s have 7.0mm of exit pupil, so they pretty much deliver all the light your eye can possibly use. I have those Oberwerks there.

As you point out, phase-corrected prism tecnnology getting cheaper & more available has made roof prisms more attractive than ever. Having said that, I still like porros better, primarily because they give greater depth of field at a particular focus point. Plus, being cheaper is a big bonus. Depth of field is important for scanning for game. Roofies make sense for birders because you'r focusing in one one particular bird, so you don't need depth of field. Well, maybe you do to find the birds, or maybe you rely on movement to find them - I don't know; I'm not really a birder. Plus roofies deliver better color fidelity - again, very very important to birders for making a tough ID as between two similarly marked species. Porros make more sense for the hunter, seems to me. Only feature of roofies that is appealing is the compactness.
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Old July 16, 2007, 12:29 PM   #6
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I must say there's one aspect of the report missing - and this is the low light ability of the binoculars. I myself have owned a few but none the high end pairs. I have a newer Pentax 12x50 that is not as near sharp or illuminating as handed-down 20 yr old pair of Nikon 8x42's. It's hard to get that aspect in the well-lit store so just keep your receipt I suppose.
The pair I really want is by Zeiss but it's a grand... which is really hard to justify unless I suppose you will be using them for several hours every single day.
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Old July 16, 2007, 03:28 PM   #7
black bear 84
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ian2005

The exit pupil of the 12x50mm is 4mm and that of the 8x40 is 5mm, exit pupil have a direct relationship on how bright the binocular is.

Black Bear
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Old July 22, 2007, 12:26 PM   #8
black bear 84
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PENTAX PCF 7X BY 35MM
PORRO PRISMS

Six years ago I arrived in Gillete, Wyoming without my gun case and binoculars (the airlines momentarily lost it).
I was able to borrow a gun from the outfitter but the binoculars offered didn’t appeal to me, so I looked for a good one in the store where I purchased my out-of-state license.

I really can’t understand how any serious hunter can spend one grand in a rifle and scope and then turn around and pick up a $39.99 binoculars from the “on sale” rack.
To me the binocular is the “hunt”; I spend most of the time in a hunt glassing for game, looking for that tell-tale piece of fur between the vegetation, that antler sticking out of the bushes or that liquid shine of an eye in the bushes.

For me, glasses that are sharp, bright and have good definition are imperative to the success of the hunt, after all if I see something that appears to be an antler or horn sticking out of the brush, I want enough definition in my optics to tell me that it is really an antler and not a just a weathered branch.

PENTAX PCF 7X 35 mm



Good optics cost money, sometimes a good deal of it. A bargain is not found in the price, but in the quality of the optics that you can get for a predetermined amount of money that you are willing to spend.
For that reason when you are in that store comparing binoculars to each other it is necessary that you know what you are looking for regarding the quality of the glass inside the binoculars.
A good company name will have glasses of different prices; today it seems that even the cheap brands will advertise that they have Barium Crown glass (BAK4) and coated optics.
What you have to look for in the box that comes with the binoculars are those advertisings that say they use fully multicoated lenses. This coating is a bombardment of the glass with anti reflection particles of magnesium fluoride or other similar compound, the deposit will change the color of the glass to a blue hue or ruby or green, and what is does is sharpen the image and eliminate reflections that robs the light entering into them.
Cheap brands will coat once and only the outside of the lenses, what you looking for is fully multicoated lenses (as much as seven coats are applied) in all of the inside and outside surfaces, good brands will advertise the fact in the box or literature that come with the glasses.




Looking through a good glass, you will see that an image is sharp and well-defined, while the image from a cheap binocular will be soft and fuzzy.
Brightness in a binocular when you are in a store has to be checked by looking into dark corners of the store and trying to read some labels. The letters in those boxes will appear dark and fuzzy when looked at through cheap binoculars, while with a good set you will notice how the letters are sharp, lighted and well-defined. Don’t look out of the window to a bright street: it will tell you little about the capabilities of the binocular to perform in poor lighting conditions.

Some brands make waterproof and fog-proof binoculars by using good seals and charging the interior with an inert gas such as nitrogen, as it is more difficult to make a good seal in binoculars that have more parts than rifle scopes, and if waterproofing is important to you, consider a good name brand that will stand behind its warranty.

Look toward the borders of the glass to see if you can find any distortion in the picture. You may find some, as only the very best glasses are free of it, so just consider the brands that have the less of it.
Now that binoculars are designed by an optical computer program, it is rare to see other optical aberrations unless you are looking through a set of very cheap glasses.

That day in the Wyoming store I spend a good hour looking at different binoculars. I walked out with a Porro prisms model from Pentax (Porros are less costly than Roof of the same optical quality). I think I paid about $175.00 for it, and I never have regretted my selection.

It is just a coincidence that I selected a Pentax, as I was looking for optical quality that can be met by many brands: Bushnells, Nikons, etc. It is just that I have used Pentax cameras and I have been awed by the quality optics they have.
This one is a 7x by 35 mm Pentax PCF Porro prisms binocular and at 28 oz. not that heavy, Porros are always more bulky than roof prisms, but this particular model has good ergonomics and at 6” long by 5 ½ “ it is quite compact for a full-size glass.
This particular model have a focus lock on the focus turning wheel, when you have achieved the focus you can lock it in place by sliding the lock into place, very neat,
The right ocular has detent clicks in the diopter adjustment for the eye, another very neat feature that speaks attention to detail and innovation in the design.
While most Porros binoculars have a couple hinges connecting to the center shaft, these are designed with a more solid, all-body mass to center shaft, more like a quality roof prisms. I don’t see this binocular get knocked out of alignment by rough use anytime soon.



The glasses I have, had been replaced in the Pentax line for the new PCF WP II 8x40, and they are even better as they feature helical adjustment for eyeglass wearers instead of my old style fold down rubber eye guards, and I have noticed that they come with a rain guard for the ocular lenses tethered to the neck strap while my model has the easy-to-lose plastic caps.
As I want my optics dry and clean all the time, I had to rig my glasses with some tethering ribbons for the plastic caps attached to the strap for the oculars lenses and to the center screw cap for the objectives lenses.
And what’s more, the price of the new Porros PCF is still about the same, even lower at internet discount houses.

The exit pupil of an 8x by 40 mm is the same 5 mm as the 7x35, so these glasses should perform very well in low light situations, much better than those toy 8x20 daylight only binoculars that most folks seem to buy these days at the department store.

Good quality binoculars are a joy to use. If you can not afford the quality popular roof prisms that are in the market for about $300.00 USD, you owe yourself to look for a quality Porro prisms that for about half the price will give you just about the same optical quality.

Respectfully
Black Bear
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Old July 27, 2007, 01:06 PM   #9
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BB, love that review and those 7x35 Pentax's. My favorite binocs are the Leupold Yosemite (green ring) 6x30mm. Low enough power to have a very wide field of view while scanning for game while stalk hunting (still hunting). If anything, I'd rather have a 4 or 5 power for still hunting, but couldn't find a good quality one. Extreme light weight and great optical quality too. Everyone should have a good pair of low power (6-7x), lightweight porro prisms, with a 28-35mm objective.

BB, do you have any thoughts on my question in post #35 here:

http://www.thefiringline.com/forums/...=216908&page=2

?? Thanks.

http://www.optics4birding.com/leupol...ack-11657.html

Oh yeah, and now Leupold offers the Yosemite in 8x30 if you like, in addition to 6x30. Four colors too - black, light tan, dark earth, & a maroonish color. I have the light tan one ("natural").
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Old July 28, 2007, 06:46 AM   #10
black bear 84
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firstfreedom,

[quote]Which would you get if you were me? Where is the upper limit of useful power with 130mm and 90mm objectives, for my main use of range spotting little holes at long distances, given the diminishing exit pupils here?

I'm thinking get the 12.5mm, and dedicating it to the C130, giving me 160x for stargazing (exit pupil 0.81mm), and dedicating the 18mm to the C90, giving me 67x for range use to 200 yards. (exit pupil 1.34mm). Ideas/input?

[quote/}

I think you answered your own question, if you get the 12.5mm will be only for stargazing (too much power for terrestrial use during the day, it will magnify the mirage that many times).

I am very interested in your input with the 18 mm in the C-90 as I was munching on the idea of getting one for myself.
Still, in two hunts out west I noticed that the guides almost never used the upper powers (45x or 60x) in their spotters, my own Baush & Lomb Elite 25 x spotting scope seem to be all it was needed for a hunt. Of course range work is different and any way I don't have that much experience with spotters.

I agree with you plenty in the 6x binoculars been ideal for working in the woodlands, for years my wife and I used 6x25 Bushnell Custom Compacts for hunting in the east (Mostly the Catskill, Adirondacks and upper Maine).
Those Leupold look very sweet, thank you for the link.

Black Bear
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Old July 28, 2007, 09:53 AM   #11
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One thing about binoculars is that, generally speaking, you get what you pay for. There are some exceptions, but nothing compares to a pair of Leica binox. They are top of the heap, in every respect. I have a second tier set of binox in some Zeiss Classics in 8x30 I bought on sale. They are outstanding for brilliance, and color fidelity. But, the Leica's in 8x42 are better. The Leica's are around $1500. Mine cost $550, on sale.
I've found that the Minox 6.5x32's are a best buy at about $200. I have a pair, my son has a pair, and I like them so much I bought my next door neighbor, a hunter, a pair also. He plowed snow off my driveway all last winter and wouldn't take any money for doing it. So, my thanks to him were with the Minox Binox.
The Minox HG's in higher power get GREAT reviews by hunters who have done side by side comparisons with them versus the very high end Leica's, and they all say the Minox HG's are VERY close to the Leica's, for a whole lot less $$$$.
Up here in snowland, hunting swamps, I never get shots past 110 yards, so low power, and excellent glass is called for. My 8x Zeiss binox are the highest power useable here. Out west, the game changes. I would be touting 10x binox for hunting out there.
Minox Binox are sold at Cameraland,com, in NY. Doug is the guru there, and the very best guy I have ever bought binox from. My deliveries arrive at my door three days after placing the order. I have bought five pairs of binox from him. His prices are great too. He's honest as the day is long. There are a whole lot of guys on other shooting and hunting sites who have had similar good experiences with purchases from him. I'm not on his payroll....
His contact info: 212-753-5128
Camerland@aol.com


Martyn
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Old July 28, 2007, 03:06 PM   #12
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Hey Black Bear, you're right; different purposes, scanning for game out west and seeing small holes at the range. Although I'm not "out west", we do have a few wide open counties here in the western part of the state, and I have these optics for that use:

http://www.opticsplanet.net/oberwerk-12-36x70.html

And I'd imagine that it would be stuck on 12x most of the time if scanning for game, then when you spot game, use the zoom to see the antler size, etc.

The C90 mak is strictly for range spotting to 200 yards. It may work at 300; I don't know. But the 67x with the 18mm eyepiece seems about perfect - after all, most spotting scopes are either 15-45 or 20-60 zoom, so this is right at the upper end of that, and with the large objective & optical quality, 67 should be just right, although...... it's quite possible that mirage could get me on hot/humid days at 67 power. On hot days, I'm going to take those 12-36x70 binos for backup, though the optical quality is not good enough to easily see holes at 200 yards on black paper. On orange/blue targets or particularly shoot-n-see, no problem. Actually, come to think of it, I'll just take the 37.5x eyepiece (the 32mm plossl) for an anti-mirage backup, rather than the big binos. But I rarely have problems with mirage. I get out there & shoot early enough before the heat gets bad. If it's bad enough to mirage me up much, then it's too hot for me to enjoy shooting, so I head home.

I'm getting the 12.5mm X-cel eyepiece today for the C130, for 160x for stargazing. Being an dabbling amateur, I doubt I'd ever need more than that to take a gander at the heavens - just casual use there.

But to back up a sec & summarize the Celestron Mat-Casses, the C90 has several small advantages over the C130, which add up to a better product for the money:

-Front cover is tethered.
-(important) Flip mirror is NOT spring-loaded as it is on the C130, so that when you flip it to use the 90 degree light path, it stays flipped; whereas, on the C130, to use the 90 degree path, you have to manually hold the mirror flip switch the entire time you are looking through it, which makes no sense, because your hand touching the unit could easily upset your picture when used on high power for stargazing at 90 degrees.
-Rubber armored
-Finder scope is RACI, not upside-down-n-backwards
-Finder scope is small enough to double as a pocket monocular

Of course, there is also a C65 "Mini-Mak", but I know very little about it, other than at $50-$60, it's likely an extremely good value as well:

http://www.opticsplanet.net/celestro...ing-scope.html

http://www.opticsplanet.net/celestro...ing-scope.html

The C65 Mini-Mak would be a good choice if you wanted to pack into the high country a spotting scope, or just range use on a real budget.

Actually, Black Bear, that C65 there has a 30-90x fixed eyepiece. If the 65mm is usable @ 90x, then maybe I ought to dedicate the 12.5 mm eyepiece to the 90mm Mak, to pump it up to 120x .... ??

Ok, off of scopes and back to binocs.... from what I read, Leica, Zeiss, Swarovski, & Brunton are where it's at in top optical quality, but you gotta pay for it bigtime. And in spotting scopes, those same 4 names plus Kowa (not Konus, but Kowa) are the cream of the crop.

Last edited by FirstFreedom; July 28, 2007 at 08:57 PM.
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Old August 2, 2007, 07:11 PM   #13
scoobabob94
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what would you guys recomend for a good set of hunting binoculars for under 200 dollars
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Old August 2, 2007, 08:57 PM   #14
FirstFreedom
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Under $200 eh?

Either the Leupold Yosemite 6x30mm.
http://www.opticsplanet.net/leupold-...ars-61165.html
http://www.opticsplanet.net/leupold-...ars-61170.html
http://www.opticsplanet.net/leupold-...ars-61175.html

Or the Bushnell Legend 8x42mm (the porro prism legend, not the roofie Legend)
http://www.opticsplanet.net/bushnell-8x42-legend.html

Or the Eagle Denali 8x42mm
http://www.opticsplanet.net/eagle-op...rs-denali.html

Or the Vortex Diamondback 8x42mm
http://www.opticsplanet.net/vortex-s...s-swd-428.html

Or the Audubon Raptor 8x42mm
http://www.opticsplanet.net/audubon-...lars-8800.html

Or the Swift Ultra Lite 8x42mm
http://www.digitalfotoclub.com/sc/fr...fdate=8_1_2007

I'd get the Diamondback in a roofie, and get the Legend in a porro for an all-purpose bino.

Or the Leupold in a compact light bino.

The porros are hard to beat for hunting, giving you a greater depth of field than a roofie.

Last edited by FirstFreedom; August 3, 2007 at 08:44 PM.
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Old August 7, 2007, 09:24 AM   #15
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Very interesting thread guys. It's nice to see a discussion of binoculars that are priced for normal people rather than everyone just saying something like Leica's are the best. I want to take a look at the 6x30 Leupold Yosemite in a store and handle them. Might make a great set of binoculars for carry in my truck all the time. I already have the Nikon Monarch 8x42. Love them.
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Old August 7, 2007, 06:20 PM   #16
black bear 84
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22-rimfire,
I got the Leupold Yosemite 6x30 last saturday by the recommendation of FirstFreedom, they are GREAT, light in weight and just medium size, good at dusk, sharp and clear, with the twist up eye pices, rubber armored (so they are quiet when they strike a rifle).
And what is better they cost below $100.00, really amazed how good optics I can get for less than a bill.

I will post a more detailed explanation in a couple of days, after taking pictures.

Best
Black Bear
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Old August 7, 2007, 10:30 PM   #17
FirstFreedom
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Yosemite...

Oh yeah....this is what I'm sayin. Can't wait for the review from someone more knowledgeable than me.
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Old August 8, 2007, 06:28 PM   #18
22-rimfire
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I swung by Sportsman Warehouse today hoping that they carried that particular binocular (Yosemite). I knew they carried Leupolds. Anyway, they don't, at least at this store. Looked at some 8x? Leica Wildlife series binocs for about $300. They are small, and nice. But I already have that niche covered. They had some Brunton binocs marked down to $1000 from something like $1500. Say they don't sell. Still too rich for me.

Last edited by 22-rimfire; August 11, 2007 at 11:52 AM. Reason: spelling
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Old August 9, 2007, 10:03 PM   #19
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By the way, I ordered a pair of the Leupold Yosemite 6x30 binoculars. I am going to trust in your judgement on this one.
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Old August 10, 2007, 12:17 PM   #20
black bear 84
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LEUPOLD YOSEMITE 6X 30MM
PORRO PRISMS BINOCULARS

Hi Guys:
Some things are changing in the world of optics. It uses to be that you had to spend a good chunk of money to get good optics; after all, it is difficult and requires expensive lenses, expensive anti-reflection treatment, some quality components, and precise work to mount it all and to get the optics to perform as they should.
Some optical aberrations and distortions can only be corrected the best possible. It is difficult to make good glasses to deliver a flat picture of good quality when the light ray has to pass through curved lenses.
But the new computerized optics programs than the optical engineer is using these days has brought a solution to the trial-and-error and time-consuming work that was needed to produce decent binocular blueprints in the old days.
They are several factors, beside objective size, that will determine how good the image quality in binoculars will be.
They include optical coating, quality of optics, distortions and aberrations, optical alignment, and manufacturer tolerances.

THE LEUPOLD 6X30MM YOSEMITE



Back in 1970, I came back from the jungles of South America in one piece, but minus my good Zeiss binoculars. In seventy-one, freshly married and planning a trip, I was in need of a binocular, but my budget was $25.00 (you bought a lot of gasoline with $25 in the seventies).
After looking at several on that price range, I selected a 7x35 Porro prisms Sunset (Japanese). It says in big white letters that it is an extra-wide angle (10 degrees), which, at the time, didn’t affect me since my young eyes in those days didn’t need prescription glasses (wide angle will reduce the eye relief, an important consideration to eyeglass wearers). But poor eye relief means that you have to get your eye very close to the lens to see the whole picture, which can put a drop of perspiration on the glass in hot days or fog them in the cold climate.
It also makes it impossible to focus the edges of the glass. The center will be in focus, but the edges will be blurry: this distortion is called “curvature of field,” so keep in mind to stay away from wide field-of-view glasses if you want your picture to be relatively sharp all around.
It also says that it has coated optics, which means (and I can see it) that only the exterior lenses have been coated on the outside, and that translates that a good amount of light is going to be lost throughout reflection, making them inferior to glasses that used multi-coating lenses to see in deep shadows and at dusk .

LEUPOLD YOSEMITE AND SUNSET BINOCULARS




So brightness and sharpness are affected by the amount and quality of the coating that are used in binoculars- the more the better (as much as seven coats for glass surfaces are been used now). When you think that as much as 4 % of light is lost through reflection from uncoated surfaces and that a binocular uses a total of 14 or more optical glass inside them, you will understand why multi-coats are so important for light transmission.

YOU CAN SEE THE DIFFERENCE IN THE COATING BETWEEN THEM





I can see that the lenses in the Sunset haven’t been corrected for chromatic aberrations, which means that the colors will be more muddled if I were looking at birds. Of course, correcting for color needs a set of different glass, all keyed to a certain spectrum on the color scale, which makes binoculars more expensive and will have taken me out of my $25.00 budget in those days.
Be careful of cheap binoculars with big lenses (50 to 60 or more mm of objective), as the bigger the lenses are, the more intense the chromatic aberration will be, unless it is corrected by low dispersion glass that will make the binoculars much more expensive.

Good glasses should be corrected for another aberration called “astigmatism,” which is the effect of the light at the edges of the glass that is elongated into an oval that points toward the center. This together with the “curvature of field” tends to make glasses fuzzy toward the edges. I believe my Sunset 7x35 glasses shows a good degree of astigmatism.
Of course, my 38 year-old glasses also show a good deal of spherical aberration. There is no way that ray of light passing trough the center of a normal glass can be in the same focus as the ones passing through the edges. This makes the image loss detail. Newer binoculars are now using an aspheric lens (usually in the oculars) that corrects the focus by bringing the center light rays to the same focus as edges rays of light, making the glass brightest and with increased contrast.

My Sunset glasses show some “barrel distortion.” Were a straight line placed on the edge of the field of view, it will bow outwards at the center. If that line will bow inwards at the center, it will be called “pin cushion distortion.” Good glasses correct for this distortion with quality glass, although you can still find just a little of it even in expensive glasses.

AT LEFT IS A REGULAR OPTICAL GLASS WITH CURVED SURFACES, AT RIGHT IS THE NEW AESPHERICAL LENS



My Sunset 7x35 binoculars did fine for a few years (I didn’t use them much in low light) until I replaced them in my neck for a Bushnell Custom Compact 6x 25 CF in 1974, which then started my love affair with 6x lenses.
The Bushnell Custom Compact are beautiful binoculars; light, small, and highly good optics that still sells today and is highly sought after by those that don’t want to carry full binoculars when birding or hunting.


The street price on the Custom Compact is around $250.00, and it is well worth it. I have used mine for years in hikes into the high peaks of the Adirondacks. I think so highly of them that I had bought a pair for my wife in 1976.
The only thing I always wondered was how it would perform in poor light if the objectives were as big as 30 mm instead of 25mm.
Now, after so many years, another 6x binocular has fallen into my hands, thanks to the advice of FirstFreedom, a member of TFL forum.
The Leupold Yosemite Porro prisms 6x30 is in my hands now and a beauty it is, both physically and optically.


This Leupold is miles ahead of my Sunset 7x35, the comparisons I made in low light gives a great edge to the Leupold even than the objectives are 5mm smaller in the Leupold, and the numbers for exit pupil gives both the same 5mm value (35 mm divided by 7x = 5mm and 30 mm divided by 6x = 5mm of exit pupil). The Leupold outperforms my Sunset glasses, due to better coating and better optics.
I was surprised when I put both in my fish scale because both weigh 1 lb. 1 oz., but the Leupold feels much lighter. The rubber covering and the twist up eye-piece guards are a big asset for the Leupold, as the Sunset doesn’t have any eye-piece guards at all. The Leupold Yosemite comes with a rain guard that is tethered to the elastic strap and regular caps in the objectives. That is one thing I would like to see changed; objectives should be protected with covers, such as the ones find in my Nikon Monarch, that are attached to the binocular body and not by caps that are easily lost.

Optically, the Leupold Yosemite is very superior to the Sunset glass. Some aberrations and distortions are still in the glasses, but only in a reduced amount and in the edge of the field of view, and it is okay, because only very high quality glasses like the Swarovski and Zeiss can make those defects disappear almost completely, and after all, most of us look through the center of the field anyway, and not through the edges.
Color seems to be fully corrected in the Yosemite, although I have yet to find a proper test medium to judge it (hummingbirds or woodpeckers).
Sharpness and definition are well up in the scale, leaving the Sunset glasses in the dust. That all this optical quality is attained at the cost of only less than a hundred USD is a miracle of new manufacturing techniques. I am well pleased with the new Yosemite binoculars by Leupold, I took a calculated risk when I bought them, based on the Leupold name in others optics and I am well satisfied with what I got and for the little money I got them.

Best wishes to all
Black Bear
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Old August 10, 2007, 11:40 PM   #21
FirstFreedom
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Bravo

Excellent review, loaded with good information, and of course I'm most pleased that you are happy with my recommendation - I think we may be creating a bit of a buzz on the Yosemite - I've already got two in-laws who have bought one after looking through them, on my recommendation.
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Old August 25, 2007, 01:00 PM   #22
black bear 84
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First Freedom,
Thank you, I am very impress with the quality of Leupold glasses, and even more with the low price of the Yosemite.

Here is my latest purchase.


LEUPOLD KATMAI 6X32
BINOCULARS

I must be off my rocker. I have binoculars coming out of my ears and I just went out and ordered another.

This time the culprit that captured my heart is the Leupold Wind River Katmai binoculars, a roof prism model that is quite compact and light but offers superior viewing compared to full sized premium binoculars.

I had seen them before in catalogues such as Cabela’s and Red Head, but I never got interested because I thought they were only available in 8x32.
Having recently bought the Leupold Yosemite 6x30 binoculars, I became interested in seeing what others models they offered and discovered that the Katmai were also available in 6x32.

The reason that I am particular about the six power binoculars is that they offer a perfect magnification for the kind of close woods hunting I do.
When available in the 32 mm sized objectives, I am getting a 5.33 mm of exit pupil, giving good quality optics; the right pupil opening for the low light condition that I often glass under. I never saw any reason to own them in 8x32, as I will be getting only a 4 mm of eye pupil: no doubt good for daylight, but no good for the use I put binoculars through.
If I am going to use an eight power, then it will have to have 42 mm objectives to give me 5.25 mm of eye pupil. I already have two great pairs of glasses in that size (the Pentax and the Nikon) and I use them often, but the new Leupold Katmai is going to fulfill the same task, using less bulk and weight, which is important for me in certain instances.

Here is a picture of them together so you can appreciate the size difference. From left to right: the Leupold Yosemite 6x30 Porro prisms, the Leuopold Katmai 6x32, the Nikon Monarch 8x42, and the Pentax DCF 8x42.



I am fifty miles from New York City, so it is not possible for me to go to check binoculars every time I have a whim for them (and it happens often), so I ordered the Katmai over the mail knowing that you will not always get something over the mail that will fulfill your expectations. No such problem occurred with the Katmai binoculars, though: they are great and exactly what I expected them to be for a glass of this price and more.



I performed the usual checks and was amply satisfied with the optical quality and mechanical precision of the glasses. The ergonomics are also great for a glass of this size, and I was well pleased with my purchase.
One aspect of this purchase is worth mentioning: when looking at the Katmai 8x32 that Cabela's and Red Head have in their catalogues, the price for them was hovering around $400 to $420. I bought the Katmai 6x32 over the web for $289 shipped.
Now the question is how they compare optically with the lower priced ($98) Porro prism Leupold Yosemite binoculars, and if the $200 difference is noticeable in the optical quality.
If that difference is there, I can’t notice it! Both glasses performed well in my low light test and both are sharp and with enough resolution to satisfy the most rabid birdie.
We all know that roof prisms are more expensive and difficult to make well, so part of the money goes toward that end, perhaps of influence in the price is the fact that the Katmai are made in Japan and the Yosemite in China; we know that our money buys more Yuan than Yen.



So what is going to happen to the Yosemite 6x32 now that my new love is the Katmai? No problem on that end, since my son already declared ownership of the Yosemite, as he recently took them on a trip to Florida’s Everglades, using them in the Aninha trail and in the Flamingo point.
He came back saying, “Dad, you will never these back; they are great glasses!” Now if I can just hide the Katmai from him until he goes to college in September, I will be fine.

For those that don’t understand the obsession that possesses me, I am here to tell you that there is nothing better than to look through quality glasses. I am just in a rush to finish typing this to go and sit in my patio and look for the red-tailed hawk that has been visiting us here lately.

Cheers,
Black Bear
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Old August 27, 2007, 10:29 PM   #23
FirstFreedom
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Black Bear, those Loopy Katmais look aweseome - I also didn't know they came in a 6x, which I would be interested in - definitely very light & small - sounds like you got a good deal too. I doubt I'd pay full retail price for those, but at that reduced price they'd be tempting. Thanks again for the great review. Now get back on your rocker and stop shopping!
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Old September 10, 2007, 05:01 AM   #24
black bear 84
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FirstFreedom,
Thank you buddy, yes I am very happy with them, at 19 oz they are a joy to hang from my neck the whole day long, an improvement from my Pentax 8x 40mm @ 28 oz.

THE BUSHNELL CUSTOM COMPACT 6X BY 25 MM BINOCULAR


Hi guys,
This is for all the old timers that bought small binoculars in the 70’s.

This was the most popular and highly regarded binoculars in the decade of the seventies and beyond, five guys in my hunting club had them, I bought one in the middle seventies and another for my wife a couple of years later.



Mine had the center screw hinge attachment for the strap and my wife’s was a little more modern with the strap attachments on the side of the body.



In the pictures you can see my wife’s binocular with the optional rubber covering that was sold by Bushnell, it makes the binocular appear a little bigger, but it was a great noise reducer and helped with grasping the small binocular.
It will be a surprise to many to learn that the Custom Compact is still made today by Bushnell, in a slightly changed outside appearance, with a street price of about $220USD.
However they sell the 7x26, instead of the six powers. I consider the six power a better magnification for small binoculars as the exit pupil is 4.16 mm, a much better aperture for looking under low light conditions.


http://www.opticsplanet.net/bushnell...rs-120726.html


Hope you guys have enjoyed the trip down memory lane.
All the best


Black Bear
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Old October 1, 2007, 01:56 PM   #25
black bear 84
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COMPACT BINOCULARS



Hi guys,
Many people will think that because I am advocating full-sized binoculars most of the time, I don’t have any use for the small, light, and compact binoculars that are so popular in the market.

This is not the case at all! I use them and enjoy the lightness and small size when the occasion is favorable.
Actually, if you are not into serious birding or need a full-sized binocular to evaluate elk antlers at last light, the small compact binoculars make a lot of sense.




Take, for example, initiating my European vacation starting at London about ten years ago. I decided that I needed a small binocular that would fit into my already nearly full camera bag.
I found my price in Portobello Road, a small reverse Porro prisms 8x by 24 mm Pentax binocular. Perhaps you are not familiar with what a reverse Porro prisms is; in this class of binoculars (to make it compact), the designers invert the relation of the barrels and oculars. The objectives are actually very close together, and the big separation is in the ocular lenses.




The Pentax has the diopter adjustment in the right barrel, like other modern binoculars, this particular model comes very well coated with magnesium fluoride for good light transmission and the focusing of the binoculars is all done internally, unlike other Porro prisms, which means that there aren't moving parts that can bring dirt or moisture inside.
The unit is rubber coated and weighs 10 oz. My steel tape says that it is 3 ¾" long by 3 ½" wide. A well constructed and solid unit, as you can see in the pictures.




I haven’t seen this particular model in the Pentax line lately, but I don’t doubt that what they are putting out to replace it is as good as the model I have, which has been tested in many hikes and been under rain when accidentally left for two days hanging from a branch at the top of a ridge.

Best regards,

Black Bear
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