Since the carbine and .357 are of near equal velocity with the same 110gr bullet weight, one would have to conclude that .357 with a 110gr bullet would be a better choice than a 158gr based on an energy chart. All velocity and energy discussion aside, the .357 will probably make at least a .45" hole and wound channel with the proper ammo/bullet selection you can buy at any gun store.
What hunting ammo is available for a .30 carbine that will make a hole and wound channel larger than .30"? I can handload some old Hornady Short jackets, or Speer Plinkers, but I don't think they are made any more, and I think they would come apart on impact. Does any company make quality hunting ammo for .30 carbine?