How much time do instructors spend to incorporate staying out of trouble into their programs?
second question whats it take to pull a gun? two people die in a situation John Wayne and Woody Allen - how far between the two do people go?
The first question - I think I put that in the category of 'common sense'. Granted, not everyone has it, and not everyone can learn it. But common sense tells me that my first option should be to de-escalate via verbal skills. Failing that, I move on to other options, deadly force being the final resort. Sometimes there may be 3 options, sometimes there may be only the one. Its up to me to determine that.
The second question, you are asking a question that everyone may have a different answer to.