At one time .22 Short was very popular and cheaper than Longs or Long Rifle. Very accurate, much quieter that Longs or Long Rifle and safer around the barn yard and such.. As a kid I used .22 Short to shoot blackbirds and sparrows out of the Cherry trees. I could see no need to use the more expensive LR for small targets. The shorts also worked very well on pigeons and chipmunks. I saved the Long Rifle for the really big game , such as raccoons, woodchucks ( ground hogs ), big tree rats and feral dogs who attacked our sheep and of course feral cats.