Hey, new guys... welcome to TFL.
You all might want to read the sticky at the top of the Law & Civil Rights page titled "Spats McGee’s Federal Constitutional Primer
." It'll give you some good information on all this stuff, including how state constitutions and laws relate to the U.S. Constitution. The part about the 14th amendment is pretty important to what you're discussing -- that, and the courts' interpretations of it, is what determines how the Constitution and Bill of Rights apply to the states.