To get my concealed carry permit here in Georgia I go to the county courthouse, fill out some paperwork, give them $30 cash. Then I go to the county detention center to be fingerprinted and give them $50 cash.
I am not sure whether it is mailed or printed off then and there. Probably mailed to me a short time later.
Its a pretty easy process to get your CCP here in Georgia. No class is required, I guess they trust that if you are going to carry concealed here, you know how to use your firearm responsibly.