This is possibly the best example of "there is no best". All of the available cartridges have advantages and disadvantages and will get the job done within the uses of lever action, pistol caliber carbines. None are long range, some have more power, some are less expensive, all will get the job intended done.
Personally I like the .357M in such platforms. If I need more power and/or range than it gives me, I need a rifle cartridge.