The 000 did not reach the 12 inch mark. They were estimated at 9 to 12 inches. With the 00 buck, only one of 5 pellets from the Judge made it to the 12 to 15 inch mark. All others were stopped in earlier jugs.
Don't mix up the Judge results with the long shotgun barrel:
3. The longer barrel of the 28 inch shotgun made quite a difference in penetration. It seems that the short 3 inch barrel of the Judge is its main limitation.
4. Even at 7 yards, the pattern of the Judge is too wide, and will cause some of the load to miss a bad guy. Not only are you responsible for every pellet you send down range, but if they miss him, they do not Stop him.