It was and is a tug of war between the Federalists and the anti-Federalists, Every single line of the constitution and bill of rights was argued over incessantly by men locked in a hot stuffy meeting room in the heat of summer while wearing wool clothing and every single word is a compromise. The rights given to the Federal government was powerful but limited and to the states broad and far reaching and it was deliberately done that way. Since then the Federal government has encroached on states rights and we let them get away with it but the line stops at the bill of rights. Those rights were rights all citizens have when they are born or become citizens and to encroach on them by Federal or State government is wrong.
Do not infringe on the second because when it's gone the first is gone and then we are subjects not citizens.
Good intentions will always be pleaded for any assumption of power. The Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions. There are men in all ages who mean to govern will, but they mean to govern. They promise to be good masters, but they mean to be masters.