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Old November 27, 2012, 07:50 AM   #41
Picher
Senior Member
 
Join Date: December 14, 2004
Location: Maine
Posts: 2,781
Subsonic bullets are affected vertically by air friction against the rifling marks to a much greater extent than supersonic bullets, which have a shock wave that minimizes air flow along the parallel body of the bullet and the "fins" created from rifling.

Exception: Bullets, like barely supersonic .22LR high speed bullets that, as they slow down between muzzle and target, pass through the supersonic>subsonic transition zone, which causes them to deflect horizontally about 1/3 more than bullets that either stay supersonic, or start as subsonic rounds.
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