I knew a guy who worked over and re-worked over an M1 Carbine to chamber it in .45 Win Mag. He managed to get his idea mentioned in a blurb in Jeff Cooper's column on the back page of Guns & Ammo magazine.
You can load .45 Win Mag with W231.
That's as close as I can come up with for using W231 in a Carbine.
Of course... there is the Marlin Camp Carbine...