The links shows the important spots to lubricate a bolt: the rear of the lugs, the cocking cam, the extraction cam. They should all get some grease.
The firing pin should get a drop or two of oil. It's not 1937 any more, it's not hard to find an oil that won't gum up in any weather. Try Triflow
You should give a new gun barrel a thorough
cleaning to get all the manufacturing grit out of it before it gets mashed into the barrel by firing. I once pushed 16" of red grease out of the barrel of a new Zastava 223; I hate to think what would have happened if I'd fired it first!