In the past 30 years numerous political appointees have been cited for contempt by congressional committees and sub-committees. In the vast majority of cases the congressional body never voted on the contempt charge.
Being found in contempt of congress is a misdemeanor that can be appealed in federal court. In 1983 Rita Lavelle was found in contempt of congress. She appealed and her contempt charge was overturned in federal court. Lavelle was later found guilty of lying to congress.