Whitetail doe generally live their entire lives in a relatively small area. Bucks will sometimes travel many miles.
There is no simple answer because any number of variables can be a factor.
For instance, the fewer doe there are (per buck) the farther a buck might travel during the rut.
Being in housing developments or villages is different than being in the mountains.
Generally speaking though, the bucks travel a lot more than the doe and the best way to find the bucks is to find the doe during the rut.
The worst, most unpredictable variable is hunting pressure. Pressure makes the deer alter their behaviour, leave areas entirely and become almost exclusively nocturnal.
I pretty much feel like deer season is over after opening day of gun season.