Crows are protected under the Migratory Bird Act of 1918. It is illegal to harm a crow or to destroy and active nest....As I recall, he gets away with it on the crop depredation waiver.
I don't know what the current status of the crow is under federal law, but I do know that NY state has an open season so they're definitely not "protected". Our season runs from Sept 1 - May 31, for some reason Friday through Monday only. There are no limits whatsoever on number or method of take. Beyond that, many people generally shoot crow all year long with little or no regard and I've never heard of anyone getting in trouble. Crows are quite literally an epidemic in this area.
Still happily answering to the call-sign Peetza.
The problem, as you so eloquently put it, is choice.
He is no fool who gives what he can not keep to gain what he can not lose.
-Jim Eliott, paraphrasing Philip Henry.