I'm a simple, ordinary old man and for me the answer to the OP is pretty basic.
Conservatives/Libertarians tend to blame the individual for the deficiencies of the individual.
Liberals tend to blame outside forces for the deficiencies of the individual.
For example, conservatives tend to blame the person pulling the trigger of the gun for the outcome of "pulling that trigger". Liberals tend to blame society or the person selling or manufacturing the gun for the "pulling of that trigger".
This difference in basic outlooks can apply to almost any question the OP asked about IMHO (i.e, except gay marriage).
I fall heavily into the conservative camp. I believe strongly that we all hit the "crossroads" in our lives at some point in time and we have to make a choice. The choice is that of the individual.
As far as the constitutional liberal.... just depends on your basic outlook on individual versus collective rights IMHO. I believe the constitution was written to enhance and protect individual rights, liberals disagree with me.
Edit: Do I think my way is clearly the correct one and I know this for sure? No.
Last edited by RDak; April 12, 2009 at 06:47 AM.