When I was young, short and light of weight, I avoided 30-06's like a plague.
The last thing a young hunter needs is macho, macho. You need a rifle that YOU can handle accurately. Not one I can handle or what someone else on this board uses.
That said, there are a number of rifles that make an acceptable deer rifle in 30-06.
For years I used a lever action rifle, where shots never exceeded 100 yards. And I still remember the first heavy recoil on my small and light frame, from that 30-30 Winchester.
Like I said, it depends.